Translational Oncologic Imaging

Cardiovascular Imaging Group

Radiologische Forschung (Radiology Research)

Muskuloskelettale Radiologie (Musculoskeletal Radiology)



AG Gersing & Schwaiger

Multimodal Musculoskeletal Imaging Research Group

Contact Details

 A. Gersing, B. SchwaigerAlexandra S. Gersing, MD
Benedikt J. Schwaiger, MD

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Technical University of Munich
Klinikum rechts der Isar
Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675 München

phone: +49 (0) 89 4140 2621

Research Profile

Disorders of the musculoskeletal system are among the biggest contributors to disability and reduced quality of life worldwide, with a further increasing prevalence due to the aging global population.

Imaging is a major component of the diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders and also in advancing our knowledge about the underlying mechanisms of pathogenesis.

For conditions affecting the joints and the spine, multiple well-established imaging modalities available in clinical routine for morphological imaging (such as radiography, myelography, CT and MRI), compositional imaging (e.g., dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative CT (qCT) for bone mineral density (BMD) measurements at the spine and femoral neck) and functional imaging (e.g., diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)). Moreover, newer techniques such as dual-energy CT, quantitative MR sequences such as quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and combined T1rho/T2 mapping or ultra-high-resolution gradient-echo sequences are applied in clinical studies and selected clinical cases. In addition, even newer developments such as phase contrast and dark field radiography will have to be applied and evaluated in a clinical context.

Focus of our workgroup is the optimization of these methods and their application to both in ex-vivo models, validated with biomechanical testing, and in-vivo in patients recruited during clinical routine. Our special interest lies in imaging of joint pathologies and injuries as well as in the quantitative assessment of early osteoarthritis biomarkers and posttraumatic changes, imaging of osteoporosis and degenerative spine conditions as well as their interactions and imaging of musculoskeletal tumors.

Working at Klinikum rechts der Isar and the Technical University of Munich enables us to cooperate closely with excellent researchers in biomedical physics and MR physics, but also with clinician scientists with significant expertise in musculoskeletal imaging, orthopedic surgery and other fields.

Our goal is to develop, apply and evaluate techniques and diagnostic algorithms that enable clinical radiologists to accurately diagnose musculoskeletal conditions in early stages and thus help optimizing individual therapeutic decisions.

Group Members

Alexandra S. Gersing, MD

Benedikt J. Schwaiger, MD

Melanie Kimm, PhD

Jan Neumann, MD

Georg Feuerriegel, MD

Sarah C. Foreman, MD

Claudio E. von Schacky, MD

Thomas Baum, MD

Jan S. Kirschke, MD

Jannis Bodden, MD

Yannik Leonhardt, MD

Florian Gassert, MD

Felix Gassert, MD

Ferdinand Roski, cand. med.

Charlotte Schneider, cand. med.

Alexander S. Kufner, cand. med.

Valerie Trettel, cand. med.


Musculoskeletal and Quantitative Imaging Research, Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco (Thomas M. Link, MD, PhD; Professor of Radiology; Chief, Musculoskeletal Radiology),

AG Bildgebung der Wirbelsäule, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich (Jan S. Kirschke (Bauer), MD),

Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Bioengineering, University of California, Berkeley (Tony M. Keaveny, PhD; Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Bioengineering)

Body Magnetic Resonance Research Group, Department of Radiology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich (Dimitrios C. Karampinos, PhD)

Chair of Biomedical Physics, Technical University of Munich (Franz Pfeiffer, PhD)

Top 10 Publications

Gersing AS, Bodden J, Neumann J, Diefenbach MN, Kronthaler S, Pfeiffer D, Knebel C, Baum T, Schwaiger BJ, Hock A, Rummeny EJ, Woertler K, Karampinos DC. Accelerating anatomical 2D turbo spin echo imaging of the ankle using compressed sensing. Eur J Radiol. 2019 Jun 16. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2019.06.006. [Epub ahead of print]

Roski F, Hammel J, Mei K, Baum T, Kirschke JS, Laugerette A, Kopp FK, Bodden J, Pfeiffer D, Pfeiffer F, Rummeny EJ, Noël PB, Gersing AS, Schwaiger BJ. Bone mineral density measurements derived from dual-layer spectral CT enable opportunistic screening for osteoporosis. Eur Radiol. 2019 May 21. doi: 10.1007/s00330-019-06263-z. [Epub ahead of print]

Knebel C, Neumann J, Schwaiger BJ, Karampinos DC, Pfeiffer D, Specht K, Lenze U, von Eisenhart-Rothe R, Rummeny EJ, Woertler K, Gersing AS. Differentiating atypical lipomatous tumors from lipomas with magnetic resonance imaging: a comparison with MDM2 gene amplification status. BMC Cancer. 2019 Apr 3;19(1):309. doi: 10.1186/s12885-019-5524-5.

Gersing AS, Pfeiffer D, Kopp FK, Schwaiger BJ, Knebel C, Haller, B, Noel PB, Settles M, Rummeny EJ, Woertler. Evaluation of MR-derived CT-like images and simulated radiographs compared to conventional radiography in patients with benign and malignant bone tumors. Eur Radiol. 2019 Jan;29(1):13-21. doi: 10.1007/s00330-018-5450-y. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Gersing AS, Feuerriegel G, Holwein C, Suchowierski J, Karampinos DC, Haller B, Baum T, Schwaiger BJ, Kirschke JS, Rummeny EJ, Imhoff AB, Woertler K, Jungmann PM. T2-relaxation time of cartilage repair tissue is associated with bone remodeling after spongiosa-augmented matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2019 Jan;27(1):90-98. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.08.023. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

Schwaiger BJ*, Gersing AS*, Hammel J, Mei K, Kopp FK, Kirschke JS, Rummeny EJ, Wörtler K, Baum T, Noël PB. Three-material decomposition with dual-layer spectral CT compared
to MRI for the detection of bone marrow edema in patients with acute vertebral fractures. Skeletal Radiol. 2018 Nov;47(11):1533-1540. doi: 10.1007/s00256-018-2981-x. Epub 2018 May 25. *The authors contributed equally to this work.

Gersing AS, Schwaiger BJ, Nevitt MC, Joseph GB, Chanchek N, Guimaraes JB, Mbapte Wamba J, Facchetti L, McCulloch CE, Link TM. Is Weight Loss Associated with Less Progression of Changes in Knee Articular Cartilage among Obese and Overweight Patients as Assessed with MR Imaging over 48 Months? Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Radiology. 2017 Aug;284(2):508-520. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017161005.

Schwaiger BJ, Kopperdahl DL, Nardo L, Facchetti L, Gersing AS, Neumann J, Lee KJ, Keaveny TM, Link TM. Vertebral and femoral bone mineral density and bone strength in prostate cancer patients assessed in phantomless PET/CT examinations. Bone. 2017 Aug;101:62-69. doi:10.1016/j.bone.2017.04.008.

Gersing AS, Schwaiger BJ, Heilmeier U, Joseph GB, Facchetti L, Kretzschmar M, Lynch JA, McCulloch CE, Nevitt MC, Steinbach LS, Link TM. Evaluation of Chondrocalcinosis and Associated Knee Joint Degeneration Using MR Imaging: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Eur Radiol. 2017 Jun;27(6):2497-2506. doi: 10.1007/s00330-016-4608-8. Epub 2016 Oct 4. PubMed PMID: 27704199.

Schwaiger BJ, Gersing AS, Mbapte Wamba J, Nevitt MC, McCulloch CE, Link TM. Can Signal Abnormalities Detected with MR Imaging in Knee Articular Cartilage Be Used to Predict Development of Morphologic Cartilage Defects? 48-Month Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Radiology. 2016 Oct;281(1):158-67. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2016152308.

Complete list of publications on PubMed




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